How 114A Evidence Act will affect you?I am not a lawyer, but I assume the following scenarios are possible
- Someone post some defamatory comment on your blog or Facebook wall/timeline, you are in trouble with the law (guilty until proven innocent)
- Someone hacked into your email, Google, Twitter or Facebook account and start posting some bad stuff, you are in trouble (guilty until proven innocent)
- Someone use your computer or share/steal your Internet connection to do some bad stuff, you are in trouble (guilty until proven innocent)
- Some post some bad stuff on your favorite blog, forum and website, the website could potentially be prosecuted and shutdown (guilty until proven innocent).
What the consequences?In order to protect oneself from getting into trouble with the law
- User would withhold from posting “criticism” comment against the government or corrupted parties, afraid being prosecuted under the new law (guilty until proven innocent)
- Website, Facebook and Blog owner would need to filter and moderate every comments (it could mean spending hours filtering through hundreds or thousands of comments everyday), and some might choose to disable commend or feedback due to the lack of manpower and time.
- People who are not too IT-savvy (could be our parents and family) suffer the high risk of online identity theft (someone stole their email or Facebook password to do bad stuff) or stolen Wifi password could suffer the consequences of others’ irresponsible action.
“Guilty until proven innocent” is an act of laziness and irresponsibility meant to intimidate and prevent the public from using the Internet as the platform for freedom of speech and expressions.
What is 114A Evidence Act?If an online post is traced back to your username and is considered seditious or defamatory by the government, you are guilty until proven innocent.
(1) If your name, photograph or pseudonym appears in a publication, which depicts yourself to have some connection with the publication, either you as the owner, editor or etc., you are presumed to have published or re–published the contents of the publication;
(2) If a publication originates from a network service that you have registered and subscribed to, you are presumed to have published or re-published the contents of the publication; or
(3) If a publication originates from a computer which you have custody or control on it, you are presumed to have published or re-published the contents of the publication
What are the problems?i) It presumes guilt rather than innocence, which contradicts the basis of many justice systems.
ii) It makes Internet intermediaries–parties that provide online community forums, blogging and hosting services–liable for content that is published through their services. This can result in the removal of comment functions, which has a huge impact on the interactive nature of online media favoured by Malaysians.
iii) It threatens freedom of expression online through fear. It also reduces the spaces for posting legitimate comments and opinions.
iv) It allows hackers and cyber criminals to be free by making the person whose account/computer is hacked liable for any content/data which might have changed.
v) It reduces opportunities to be anonymous online which is crucial in promoting a free and open Internet.
vi) It is a bad law passed in haste and does not take into account public interest and participation.
Support Internet Blackout Day (14 August 2012)
- Stop Section 114A Evidence Act
- Protect Internet Freedom
- Say No to "Guilty until proven Innocent"
- What is Section 114A?
- Evidence Act Section114a FAQs
- The Implicit Message of s. 114A of Evidence Act 1950 to All Malaysians
- Govt stealthily gazettes Evidence Act amendment, law is now in operation
Well, the Evidence Act might help lower the cases on identity theft, hacking and other similar activities online. However, it is also a subtle way of stopping activists, whether in the streets or on the web, from speaking up against the unpleasant activities that Malaysian government is doing.
Obviously, the act could be more "refined".
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